TheÂ Dunningâ€“Kruger effectÂ is aÂ cognitive biasÂ in which unskilled individuals suffer fromÂ illusory superiority, mistakenly rating their ability much higher than average. This bias is attributed to aÂ metacognitiveÂ inability of the unskilled to recognize their mistakes.
Actual competence may weaken self-confidence, as competent individuals may falsely assume that others have an equivalent understanding. David Dunning and Justin Kruger ofÂ Cornell UniversityÂ conclude, “the miscalibration of the incompetent stems from an error about the self, whereas the miscalibration of the highly competent stems from an error about others”.
Could this be the silent epidemic with a high prevalence in Western Media outlets?